Identifying Opportunity Fuels
Opportunity fuels are typically unconventional and usually derived from a waste or byproduct. Most of the time, Opportunity Fuels may be inferior to conventional fossil fuels; the widespread use of coal, petroleum and natural gas as fuels derives from their high heating values and easy combustibility (i.e. they make good fuels). However, natural resourses are limited, emission controls are growing stricter and the price of many fossil fuels has become problematic. Opportunity Fuels could provide a cheap and reliable alternative, especially with the increasing and unstable prices of fossil fuels and the need for more environmentally friendly energy sources.
Manure is produced all day, everyday. It varies little with the seasons. All dairies have a nutritionist that controls the feed and nutrients that are fed to the cows to maximize milk production and quality. Therefore, consistent manure production is assured.
There are two driving forces that EP&T will take advantage of: The EP&T System and Renewable Energy Credits (RECs). California currently imports eighty-seven percent of its natural gas resulting in the primary gas distribution lines into the San Joanquin Valley being constrianed. We anticipate that the utility companies and large volume users in California will be interested in entering into Gas Purchasing Agreements for this additional source of energy and its accompanying RECs. Secondly, under provisions of the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, California ultilities are also mandated to generate ten percent of their generated energy from renewable sources by December 31, 2010 and fifty percent by December 31, 2050.
The EP&T System is based on the proposition that approximately 100 pounds of fresh manure generated by a cow each day has value, when collected in a timely manner and processed - prior to drying out and the majority of the biomethane gas escaping to the atmosphere.